3DBODY.TECH 2023 - Paper 23.17

Z. Qiu et al., "A Comparative Study of 3D Simulation and Scanning Technologies for Virtual Fabric Testing Laboratory: Tensile Tester", Proc. of 3DBODY.TECH 2023 - 14th Int. Conf. and Exh. on 3D Body Scanning and Processing Technologies, Lugano, Switzerland, 17-18 Oct. 2023, #17, https://doi.org/10.15221/23.17.


A Comparative Study of 3D Simulation and Scanning Technologies for Virtual Fabric Testing Laboratory: Tensile Tester


Ziwen QIU, Seonyoung YOUN, Kavita MATHUR, Anne PORTERFIELD

Wilson College of Textile, North Carolina State University, Raleigh NC, USA


The textile and apparel industries are undergoing a digital transformation, leveraging three-dimensional (3D) apparel prototypes to increase efficiency and reduce costs. While 3D scanning and simulation technologies have advanced significantly, the development of virtual fabric testing equipment is still in its early stages. A virtual fabric test laboratory represents a promising solution to the challenges associated with traditional testing methods, such as high costs, extensive labor requirements, and material waste.
This study aims to bridge the gap between 3D simulation and real fabric appearance by comparing mesh-based models obtained through 3D scanning and simulation technologies. The goal is to evaluate if 3D simulation can accurately represent the real-world tensile behavior of fabrics. To achieve this, we created a virtual tensile tester in 3DS Max and used it to stretch virtual fabrics to obtain 3D models in CLO 3D software. We then contrasted the 3D simulated fabric - digitized from physical property tests using the CLO Fabric Kit - with results from 3D and 4D scanning. These comparative findings are anticipated to lay the groundwork for devising a virtual tensile test that accurately mirrors real-world fabric behavior, thereby bringing the virtual testing environment closer in visual resemblance to the physical one.


3D simulation, 3D scanning, Virtual modeling, Mesh models comparison, Virtual prototyping, Virtual fabric test


Full paper: PDF
Presentation: VIDEO
Proceedings: 3DBODY.TECH 2023, 17-18 Oct. 2023, Lugano, Switzerland
Paper id#: 17
DOI: 10.15221/23.17

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