3DBODY.TECH 2022 - Paper 22.52

M. Tiwari and N. Anand, "Comparative Assessment of Validation and Reliability of Sizestream 3D Scanner for Human Body Measurement Using Two Different Approaches", Proc. of 3DBODY.TECH 2022 - 13th Int. Conf. and Exh. on 3D Body Scanning and Processing Technologies, Lugano, Switzerland, 25-26 Oct. 2022, #52, https://doi.org/10.15221/22.52.


Comparative Assessment of Validation and Reliability of Sizestream 3D Scanner for Human Body Measurement Using Two Different Approaches


Manoj TIWARI 1, Noopur ANAND 1,2

1 National Institute of Fashion Technology, Jodhpur, India;
2 National Institute of Fashion Technology, New Delhi, India


3D scanning has evolved as one of the most advanced and accurate technology to measure humans and products. Quick and reliable results achieved by 3D scanning over manual measurements, make it the most preferred tool for measurement. 3D scanning has been extensively used in various national sizing surveys worldwide, including the INDIAsize (the National Sizing Survey of India) being carried out by the National Institute of Fashion Technology, INDIA. The 3D scan results are compared to the manual measurements to establish the accuracy of the scanner. This research paper describes two novel and alternative approaches (based on 1. Bias-shift, and 2. Regression modeling) to check the reliability and validity of the measures derived from 3D Body Scanner in comparison to measures provided by the manual measures. A comparison of both the approaches has also been discussed in this research paper.
The 3-D Body scanning was done by Sizestream 3D Body Scanner - SS14. The manual body measurements were taken by experienced experts using an anthropometer, stadiometer, and certified flexible non-stretchable steel tape. In total 133 subjects (68 male and 65 female subjects) covering 102 body dimensions were taken manually and were used while comparing 3D scan measurements to establish the validity and reliability of the scanner. The procedure adopted for validation and reliability check for the 3D scanner was as prescribed in the ISO 20685(2005) and ISO 20685 (2018). It was observed that the Sizestream - SS14 scanners used were highly consistent in measuring the subjects as confirmed by the high values of Intra-class correlation coefficients (ICC) conducted to check for the consistency and repeatability between different scan measurements. However, a systematic error was reported in the process failing some of the measurements in terms of accuracy levels (as per ISO 8559 (1989) and ISO 20685(2005)) achieved against manual measurements used as the gold standards. Subsequently, two different approaches were applied to establish scanning accuracy and comparative analysis of results has been carried out.
This research paper describes the validation and reliability procedure as per ISO protocols. It also discusses the regression-based statistical procedure adopted to confirm the desired measurement accuracy of the scanners within the permissible error limits of ISO 20685 (2005) and ISO 8559 (1989). Based on the comparative analysis, the paper also suggest recommended approach to achieve the desired accuracy by overcoming the systematic error in scanner measurement for all the anthropometric dimensions. This may help in making the data acceptable for use for any further analysis.


Body dimensions, 3D Scanning, Reliability, Validity, Intra-class correlation (ICC), Bias-shift, Regression Modeling.


Full paper: 2252tiwari.pdf
Proceedings: 3DBODY.TECH 2022, 25-26 Oct. 2022, Lugano, Switzerland
Paper id#: 52
DOI: 10.15221/22.52
Presentation video: 3DBodyTech2022_52_tiwari.mp4

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