3DBODY.TECH 2021 - Paper 21.49

F. Almalki et al., "How the Utilisation of 3D Body Scanners Enhance the Construction of Traditional Sawwan Garments", Proc. of 3DBODY.TECH 2021 - 12th Int. Conf. and Exh. on 3D Body Scanning and Processing Technologies, Lugano, Switzerland, 19-20 Oct. 2021, #49, https://doi.org/10.15221/21.49.


How the Utilisation of 3D Body Scanners Enhance the Construction of Traditional Sawwan Garments


Faizah ALMALKI, Simeon GILL, Steven G. HAYES, Lisa TAYLOR

The University of Manchester, Manchester, UK


The garment industry relies upon direct measurements of the human form to ensure that items of clothing fit as well as possible. Over time, conventional measurements taken using manual methods have been replaced and enhanced by the output of 3D digital body scanners. This study identifies the specific measurements produced by 3D body scanning and compares these with the measurements produced using conventional methods. This data is then used to improve the creation of a pattern for the traditional Sawwan garment that part of the cultural identity of a region of Saudi Arabia. Traditional clothing such as this provides insight into the heritage of a region and adopting new technology in its manufacture sustains access to traditional garments. This study considers how the utilisation of 3D body scanners rather than conventional, manual measuring methods can enhance the construction of Sawwan garments for individuals. Importantly, the greater depth of data afforded by 3D body scanners than manual methods when measuring the human form creates opportunities for garments to be tailored digitally. Consequently, there is a need for the measurement profile to define the required measurements relating to the basic block construction. For the purpose of this research, a widely-utilised garment draft is compared to a new novel method using CAD pattern software (Lectra Modaris Expert) which utilises the measurements afforded by a 3D body scanner. As such, there is a need for highly accurate and consistent measurements in order for a garment to offer a good fit. In addition, it is anticipated that this study will prompt future researchers to investigate the potential for modern technology to help produce traditional garments and enhance our grasp of pattern theory. It is apparent from the findings of the current study that 3D body scanners offer a greater number of highly accurate measurements than would be possible when relying on conventional methods and this can help to improve how Sawwan garments are produced. The findings help to enhance our appreciation of the contribution that 3D body scanners can make to patternmaking practice and its evolution. It helps to further the development of technology-assisted pattern drafting and expands the variety of garments accessible to consumers in Saudi Arabia, including traditional garments often made by hand.


3D body scanning, Pattern Cutting, Bespoke Pattern Cutting, Traditional Garments


Full paper: 2149almalki.pdf
Proceedings: 3DBODY.TECH 2021, 19-20 Oct. 2021, Lugano, Switzerland
Paper id#: 49
DOI: 10.15221/21.49
Presentation video: 3DBodyTech2021_49_Almalki.mp4

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