3DBODY.TECH 2020 - Paper 20.25

F. Almalki et al., "3D Body Scanners' Ability to Improve the Cutting of Patterns for Traditional Saudi Garment to Assimilate Them into Modern-Day Clothing", Proc. of 3DBODY.TECH 2020 - 11th Int. Conf. and Exh. on 3D Body Scanning and Processing Technologies, Online/Virtual, 17-18 Nov. 2020, #25, https://doi.org/10.15221/20.25.


3D Body Scanners' Ability to Improve the Cutting of Patterns for Traditional Saudi Garment to Assimilate Them into Modern-Day Clothing


Faizah ALMALKI, Simeon GILL, Steven G. HAYES, Lisa TAYLOR

The University of Manchester, Manchester, UK


3D body scanning and CAD tools offer opportunities to develop traditional pattern cutting methods, that better contextualise the body, whilst retaining the traditional appearance. The costumes that are traditional to a particular region of Saudi Arabia represent a key aspect of that area's cultural identity. These traditional costumes offer a glimpse at the region's heritage and how this has evolved throughout history. Current pattern drafting methods that utilise flat patterns are relatively simple compared to the traditional methods based on a one-to-one interaction with the person who would ultimately wear the finished garment. There are various measurements required for each method for example, (Bust circumference, Waist circumference, Hips, Shoulder, back length, Sleeve length, Bust-length, Waist to Hip, Chest, Neck size, Back width, Nape to the waist, Armscye depth, Pattern length, Wrist, Sleeve length). This paper focuses on how traditional methods for creating Saudi Arabian garment can be enhanced through the use of 3D body scanning. Specifically focusing on the traditional Sawwan garment, a traditional dress, and developing a thorough understanding of the traditional methods the benefits afforded by 3D body scanners can be incorporated to enhance the process. Body scanners offer a highly efficient means of measuring various parts of the human body that can then be used to produce well-fitted garments. Scanners also provide opportunities for new measurements which are more difficult to capture using existing manual tools. Traditionally all aspects of the process apply little technology, from the taking of body measurements, the construction process and the use of geometric shapes. Body scanners have opened up new opportunities to take more measurements in quickly, thereby ensuring that the human form can be central in the pattern construction process. Whilst still making use of 2D pattern drafting methods, this study utilises additional measurements when producing pattern blocks so as to ensure that the resulting garments can more accurately reflect the wearer's shape and proportions. In addition to taking measurements using a Size Stream body scanner, the current study assesses a well-known garment draft based on measurements taken with the scanner relative to an innovative means of garment drafting that makes full use of the body scanner's precision. Accordingly, digitally tailored garments need to precise measurements as a key to make a well-fitting garment. Besides, the current research will hopefully encourage others to explore how technology can retain traditional designs and improve our understanding of pattern theory. Results indicate that the scanner can provide data in more depth than traditional approaches. Therefore, the current study extends the existing knowledge base, by using body scanning to enhancing the system of patternmaking. This enables the creation of custom computer-aided pattern drafting, thereby improving the range of clothing available in the Saudi market.


Sawwan garment system, 3D Body Scanning, anthropometrics and Bespoke garment construction


Full paper: 2025almalki.pdf
Proceedings: 3DBODY.TECH 2020, 17-18 Nov. 2020, Online/Virtual
Paper id#: 25
DOI: 10.15221/20.25
Presentation video: 2025almalki.mp4

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