3DBODY.TECH 2019 - Paper 19.058

M. Ahmed et al., "The Suitability of Body Scanning Measurement in Pattern Drafting Methods", in Proc. of 3DBODY.TECH 2019 - 10th Int. Conf. and Exh. on 3D Body Scanning and Processing Technologies, Lugano, Switzerland, 22-23 Oct. 2019, pp. 58-67, doi:10.15221/19.058.


The Suitability of Body Scanning Measurement in Pattern Drafting Methods


Maryam AHMED, Tarfah ALRUSHAYDAN, Simeon GILL, Steven G. HAYES, Kristina BRUBACHER

The University of Manchester, Manchester, UK


There has been much recognition that body scanning can provide more data on the human body than traditional measurements alone. Nevertheless, it is not always possible to extract the many measurements that are required by existing methods of pattern construction, due to the differences in the measurements captured between manual and body scanning methods. The conventional methods that are used for drafting pattern blocks do not incorporate data pertaining to body measurements to a large extent. This can be traced back to the fact that traditional pattern drafting approaches are from a time when obtaining some measurements were difficult and certain measurements were easier to extract than others. To overcome the lack of data, post-drafting modifications are performed to accomplish an appropriate fit, and most pattern books are accompanied with detailed guidance as to how to adjust the blocks to take into consideration typical figure disparities. Body scanning technology makes it possible to acquire body configuration data that has been traditionally challenging to access. This type of technology can be employed to investigate body shapes and collate pertinent measurements. It can also be employed to delineate dimensions, something that was not previously possible. Moreover, appropriate scan data allows a challenge to existing drafting methods and the proposal of new ways of creating patterns that is based on actual measurements rather than proportional relationships. This study commences by analysing existing 2D pattern construction methods and the myriad outputs of body scanning technology to examine the extent to which body scanning can complement conventional pattern drafting approaches. Ten pattern-making techniques for bodices and trousers were assessed, and the measurements that were needed for these techniques were compared to the measurements that were generated by a body scanning system. The research established how well the measurements required for different drafting methods can be produced from 3D body scanning technology. The main contribution of this study is to highlight where measurements that are required for pattern construction be defined as outputs within body scanner systems. This would allow the body scanner to offer more suitable measurement support for pattern drafting methods.


Full paper: 19058ahmed.pdf
Proceedings: 3DBODY.TECH 2019, 22-23 Oct. 2019, Lugano, Switzerland
Pages: 58-67
DOI: 10.15221/19.058

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