Paper 13.323

A. Psikuta et al., "Use of 3D Body Scanning Technique to Investigate an Effect of Garment Design on Heat and Mass Transfer in Clothing", in Proc. of 4th Int. Conf. on 3D Body Scanning Technologies, Long Beach CA, USA, 2013, pp. 323-326,


Use of 3D Body Scanning Technique to Investigate an Effect of Garment Design on Heat and Mass Transfer in Clothing



Laboratory for Protection and Physiology, Empa - Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, St. Gallen, Switzerland


The heat and mass transfer in clothing do not only depend on the properties of fabric but also on the variation of the thickness of air layers and the magnitude of the contact area. The garment design and the body geometry have major influence on the above-mentioned parameters. Thus, this project addressed the effect of the fit of sport garments for female and male body shapes. Different garment designs were developed and confectioned considering anatomical and physiological gender differences. Each garment was subjected to 3D scanning and analysis of air gap thickness and contact area by imposing 3D scans of the nude and dressed manikin and advanced post-processing in dedicated software. It was found that the distribution of contact area and thickness of air layers is similar for both male and female upper body except for the breast and lumbar area. The knowledge gained from this study could be used to improve and individualize functional garments and to help in design process of body-mapped garments.


air gap, clothing contact area, 3D body scanning, heat and mass transfer in clothing


Full paper: 13.323.pdf
Proceedings: 3DBST 2013, 19-20 Nov. 2013, Long Beach California, USA
Pages: 323-326

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