Paper 11.145

B. S. Khambay et al., "The Application of the Recent Advances in Stereophotogrammetry for the Diagnosis and Management of Oro-Facial Deformities", in Proc. of 2nd Int. Conf. on 3D Body Scanning Technologies, Lugano, Switzerland, 2011, pp. 145-148,


The Application of the Recent Advances in Stereophotogrammetry for the Diagnosis and Management of Oro-Facial Deformities


Balvinder S. KHAMBAY 1, Xiangyang JU 2, Thamer AL-ANEZI 1, Ashraf AYOUB 1

1 Biotechnology and Craniofacial Sciences Research Group, Glasgow University, UK;
2 Department of Clinical Physics, NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde, UK


This presentation will illustrate the recent innovations in 3D stereophotogrammetry to provide a useful technique for accurate recording of the face dysmorphology in children with cleft lip and palate and patients with facial deformities who have had orthognathic surgery. Using a custom developed software program facial landmarks were digitised on the computerised 3D model, Procrustes analysis was applied to superimpose the 3D co-ordinates of anatomical landmarks at different time intervals. Principal component statistical analysis was applied to assess the magnitude of surgical changes. The method was accurate to within 0.5 mm and has been shown to be reliable in infants. Significant soft tissue changes were detected following orthognathic surgery; these were stable at 6 months following surgery when compared with the immediate postoperative appearance. The validity of automatic tracking of anatomical landmarks during facial animations has also been investigated using Di4D software. This presentation will highlight the clinical applications of 4D imaging and debate the accuracy of 3D prediction planning for correction of dentofacial deformities.


3d body scanning, proceedings


Full paper: 11.145.pdf
Proceedings: 3DBST 2011, 25-26 Oct. 2011, Lugano, Switzerland
Pages: 145-148

Copyright notice

© Hometrica Consulting - Dr. Nicola D'Apuzzo, Switzerland,
Reproduction of the proceedings or any parts thereof (excluding short quotations for the use in the preparation of reviews and technical and scientific papers) may be made only after obtaining the specific approval of the publisher. The papers appearing in the proceedings reflect the author's opinions. Their inclusion in these publications does not necessary constitute endorsement by the editor or by the publisher. Authors retain all rights to individual papers.

Proceedings of 3DBODY.TECH International Conferences on 3D Body Scanning & Processing Technologies, © Hometrica Consulting, Switzerland