Paper 10.107

J. Frackiewicz-Kaczmarek et al., "Quantitative Analysis of the Air Gap between the Skin and the Clothing", in Proc. of 1st Int. Conf. on 3D Body Scanning Technologies, Lugano, Switzerland, 2010, pp. 107-112,


Quantitative Analysis of the Air Gap Between the Skin and the Clothing



Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, Laboratory for Protection and Physiology, Sankt Gallen, Switzerland


Thickness of the air gap between the clothing and the human body is a crucial factor for the heat flow and the water vapor and liquid transport occurring in garments. Nowadays, the 3D body scanning technique is commonly used to evaluate the thickness of the air gap. However current methods focus only on either the investigation of the air layers in clothing at discrete number of points or evaluation of the total air volume underneath an ensemble. Therefore, the main aim of this study was to obtain a surface overview of the air gap distribution for modern casual menswear. Detailed mapping of the distribution of the air gap thickness, which is responsible for thermal properties of garments, was done using 3D body scanner and dedicated post-processing software. Moreover, the contact area between the skin and the garment, which is one of the key factors for wicking properties of clothing, was evaluated. This study also analyses the impact of clothing fit on the distribution of the air layer thickness and the contact area.


air gap, clothing contact area, 3D body scanning


Full paper: 10.107.pdf
Proceedings: 3DBST 2010, 19-20 Oct. 2010, Lugano, Switzerland
Pages: 107-112

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